Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE)

Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) is an all India entrance Examination conducted jointly by the Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore and the seven Indian Institutes of Technology (at Bombay, Delhi, Guwahati, Kanpur, Kharagpur, Madras, and Roorkee). It is conducted every year in the month of February.The GATE Score/Rank is mandatory for admission into and/or financial assistance to Master’s programs and direct Doctoral programs in Engineering/Technology/Architecture in IISc, IITs and other prestigious Institutes / Universities in India. The GATE Score is also used by many PSUs for the recruitment of candidates into prestigious jobs with attractive salary packages. Some of the PSUs which use GATE score for providing jobs include BARC, BHEL, IOCL, HPCL, NTPC, Powergrid, NHPC etc.

GATE is an exam that primarily tests the comprehensive understanding of the candidate in various undergraduate subjects in Engineering / Technology / Architecture / Science / Commerce / Arts. The GATE score reflects the relative performance level of the candidate in a particular subject. GATE score is valid for THREE years.

GATE Exam is conducted in 29 subjects shown in the table below:

Exam PaperGeneral
Aerospace EngineeringAE
Agricultural EngineeringAG
Architecture and PlanningAR
Bio-Medical EngineeringBM
Civil EngineeringCE
Chemical EngineeringCH
Computer Science & Information TechnologyCS
Electronics and Communication EngineeringEC
Electrical EngineeringEE
Ecology & EvolutionEY
Geology and GeophysicsGG
Geomatics EngineeringGE
Exam PaperGeneral
Instrumentation EngineeringIN
Mechanical EngineeringME
Mining EngineeringMN
Metallurgical EngineeringMT
Petroleum EngineeringPE
Production and Industrial EngineeringPI
Life SciencesXL
Engineering SciencesXE
Environmental Science & Engineering ES
Humanities & Social Sciences
Naval Architecture & Marine Engineering

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    Organizing InstituteOrganizing Year
    IIT, Kharagpur GATE-2022
    IIT, BombayGATE-2021
    IIT, DelhiGATE-2020
    IIT, MadrasGATE-2019
    IIT, GuwahatiGATE-2018
    IIT, RoorkeeGATE-2017
    IISc, BangaloreGATE-2016
    IIT, KanpurGATE-2015
    IIT, KharagpurGATE-2014
    IIT, BombayGATE-2013
    IIT, DelhiGATE-2012
    IIT, MadrasGATE-2011
    IIT, GuwahatiGATE-2010
    IIT, RoorkeeGATE-2009
    IISc, BangaloreGATE-2008
    IIT, KanpurGATE-2007
    IIT, KharagpurGATE-2006
    IIT, BombayGATE-2005
    IIT, DelhiGATE-2004
    IIT, MadrasGATE-2003

    Organizing InstituteOrganizing Year
    IISc, BangaloreGATE-2002
    IIT, KanpurGATE-2001
    IIT, KharagpurGATE-2000
    IIT, BombayGATE-1999
    IIT, DelhiGATE-1998
    IIT, MadrasGATE-1997
    IISc, BangaloreGATE-1996
    IIT, KanpurGATE-1995
    IIT, KharagpurGATE-1994
    IIT, BombayGATE-1993
    IIT, DelhiGATE-1992
    IIT, MadrasGATE-1991
    IISc, BangaloreGATE-1990
    IIT, KanpurGATE-1989
    IIT, KharagpurGATE-1988
    IIT, BombayGATE-1987
    IIT, DelhiGATE-1986
    IIT, MadrasGATE-1985
    IISc, BangaloreGATE-1984


    Anyone who has successfully completed 10+2+2 or 10+3+1 and currently studying in in 3rd or higher years of any undergraduate degree program OR has already graduated in any government approved degree program in Engineering / Technology / Architecture / Science / Commerce / Arts

    Code of The First

    (Primary) Paper
    Code of Papers

    Allowed as The Second Paper


    Candidates can appear either in ONE (like earlier years) or maximum TWO papers in GATE 2022. The second paper must be from the given set of combinations (mentioned in information brochure) available for this year, based on the availability of infrastructure and date. So some branches may NOT get second paper option. Details will be available soon in the Information Brochure

    Code of The First

    (Primary) Paper
    Code of Papers

    Allowed as The Second Paper

    Important DatesDayGeneral
    GATE Online Application Processing System (GOAPS) Website OpensMonday 30th August 2021
    Closing Date of Regular Online Registration / Application portalFriday 24th September 2021
    End of Extended Period for Online Registration/ Application (with late fee)
    Friday 1st October 2021
    Last Date for  Change of Category, Paper and Examination City
    (an additional fee will be applicable)
    Friday12th November 2021
    Admit Card will be available in the Online Application Portal
    (for printing)
    MONDAY3rd January 2022
    GATE 2022 Examination
    Forenoon: 9:00 AM to 12:00 PM (Tentative)
    Afternoon: 3:00 PM to 6:00 PM (Tentative)
    05th Feb 2022
    06th Feb 2022
    12th Feb 2022
    13th Feb 2022
    Announcement of the Results in the Online Application PortalTHURSDAY17TH MARCH 2022

    Qualifying Degree

    Qualifying Degree/Examination

    Description of eligible candidates


    Bachelor’s degree holders in Engineering/Technology (4 years after 10+2 or 3 years after B.Sc./Diploma in Engineering /Technology)

    Currently in the 3rd year or higher or already completed


    Bachelor’s degree holders of Architecture (5 years course)

    Currently in the 3rd year or higher or already completed

    B.Sc (Research)/BS

    Bachelor’s degree in Science (Post-Diploma/4 years after 10+2)

    Currently in the 3rd year or higher or already completed

    MSc/MA/MCA or equivalent

    Master’s degree in any branch of Science/Arts/Mathematics/Statistics/Computer Applications or equivalent

    Currently in the first year or higher or already completed

    Int ME/ M.Tech (Post-B.Sc)

    Post-B.Sc Integrated Master’s degree programs in Engineering/Technology (4 year program)

    Currently in the 1st/ 2nd/ 3rd/4th year or already completed

    Int ME/ M.Tech or Dual Degree (after Diploma or 10+2)

    Integrated Master’s degree program or Dual Degree program in Engineering/Technology (5 year program)

    Currently in the 3rd/ 4th/5th year or already completed

    Int M.Sc/ Int BS-MS

    Integrated M.Sc. or 5 years integrated B.S.-M.S. program

    Currently in the 3rd year or higher or already completed

    Professional Society Examinations (equivalent to BE/BTech/BArch)

    B.E./B.Tech./B.Arch. equivalent examinations of Professional Societies, recognised by MoE/UPSC/AICTE (e.g., AMIE by Institution of Engineers-India, AMICE by the Institute of Civil Engineers-India and so on)

    Completed Section A or equivalent of such professional courses

    Big Journeys begin with Small Steps

    "Success doesn’t necessarily come from breakthrough Innovation, but from flawless Execution."

    Often I hear a concern among the students regarding “What should be our strategy to crack ESE/GATE exams?  To answer this question in the most simplified way, this article is my sincere effort to strategise things for aspirants, which will be fruitful for young friends.

    There are two categories of ESE/GATE Aspirants : (1) Freshers , preparing first time for the competitive exams (Neophytes)   (2) Repeaters , who have already given one  or more attempts (Rank Improvers)

    (I) Strategy for Neophytes:

    If you are a fresher and preparing first time then I would suggest you the following approach to be adopted-

    • Define your aim and target the desired exam right from the beginning. You should examine closely the examination pattern, syllabus and the level of difficulty.

    • The first step for amateurs should be, to go through previous years’ question papers of the aimed exam and identify what type of questions are asked, like whether it is theoretical (then what subjects/which topics are mostly asked) or derivations or numerical type.

    • Keep one best reference book for each subject. You are not advised to read too many books for each subject; practically it is not possible in limited time frame.


    Make an overall plan of your career; define immediate and ultimate goals of your career, then make a roadmap to execute in most effective manner. Being an engineer you should understand the importance of planning and execution of the plan.

    Overall plan may be further divided in three stages:

    1. Six month /One year plan:

    Divide months for different subjects and plan it so as to complete the entire syllabus in the left over time. In the current scenario of high cut-offs, do not go for selective study; instead cover the entire syllabus, because you never know “the topic left could be the topic of conquest.”

    2. Subject-wise Plan/ Bi-weekly plan:

    For each subject, study should be exam oriented, i.e. you should get acclimatize with the subject , so that you may know which area is to be focussed like whether theory has to be focussed or numerical or solving previous years’ questions will suffice. Every subject requires different approach .For example in mathematics you may be required to focus on practicing problems where as in English altogether different approach, similarly in technical subjects the approach may differ from subject to subject.

    If you are enrolled in any coaching institute, then concentrate and study well in coaching classroom, your class notes should be full and final and should be ready in classroom itself, with simultaneous marking of IMPORTANT concept /formulae and develop a habit of writing of NOTE points ,wherever required. If only self study is your style of preparing without coaching, then also notes making is advisable.

    One point to be kept in mind is “Work for Yourself”; i.e. make notes for yourself, it should be self hand written notes, as this will develop your writing efficiency in terms of speed, accuracy hand writing and also helps in memory retention.

    3.  Daily To-Do list /Daily plan:

    This is basically for effective time management. Plan and freeze the study hours and abstain from using mobile phones, social media, what's app etc during these hours. 10 to 15 minutes are sufficient to plan next day schedule, it will help in removing redundant activities of your schedule and you can make best use of your time for study. I would also suggest you to pre plan your area /subject /topic of your study for the next day, it would help in activating senses of your mind to stimulate for study which helps in better memory retention.

    Solving previous years’ questions of GATE & ESE (at least of last 10-15 years) should be made contemporaneous with class notes. Do not postpone it for later, topic that is covered in class or studied on your own, finish the previous years' questions on priority basis.

    While solving questions, mark the questions which you were not able to solve. Refer the reference book for the clarity of concepts, and solve again. In front of the question write the Page Number and Name of the book referred and in the book referred underline or highlight the concept. This above methodology is to be followed for all workbook and other materials also. After a few months while doing revision you should re-attempt these marked questions only and no need to solve other questions.

    Make a REVISION plan:

    Make a habit of reading and revising simultaneously.

    While studying a particular subject; devote 70-80% of self study time in developing concepts of new subject and rest 20-30% time should be religiously devoted for revision of already completed topics/subjects. And, towards months closer to exam, increase the revision time for proper retention of concepts till exam day.
    While revising, make sure you do the following:

    • Review of class notes.

    • Revise underlined/ highlighted portion of text book.

    • Then attempt only the marked questions once more.

    • If time permits, then start with new set of questions.

    Make Micro notes:

    After finishing every subject make micro notes, which have only principal formulae/ diagrams/ concepts of  utmost importance, especially note down the area which you find difficult to remember. Then, once this is done, take a snapshot and store in your mobile gallery. These will be your Digital Micro Notes, which can be revised anywhere and everywhere, while travelling, gap between two classes, free time etc.
    Flow like a river:

    Be loquacious and discussion oriented with friends and seniors and keep on clearing your doubts, don't allow to accumulate the doubts which may result in mental stress. Also interact with successful seniors and fellow mates to know about their path of success/strategy, it is synonymous with river water which when flows gets self purified.
    Evaluate yourself:

    • Take tests in examination environment and make note of areas of difficulty and make a roadmap to improve these before the next test.

    • Stay away from incompetent and non-achievers. Don’t let their failure demoralise you in any sense.

    Make holistic and balancing approach:

    Cover entire syllabus but more time should be given to important areas. Identify important subjects and mark important topics within a subject. Scoring and low scoring areas should be segregated. Make a balance study plan for technical and non technical subjects. Mathematics and Reasoning Aptitude section is quite scoring in GATE exam.

    (II) Strategy for Repeaters:

    • Review your past performance and find the reasons for failure. Consider failure as next stepping step. In fact you are not failed your success is little postponed.

    • Identify weak areas of each subject and start your preparation by first improving these areas.

    • Focus more on solving different types of problems and that too from new source of material in each iteration.

    • Plan your study to maintain regularity and self motivation; daily scheduling and subject wise scheduling is very important for a systematic preparation.

    • Join some good test Series & Appear for tests with full preparation and take the test in examination environment and solve previous years' questions of various exams. Solve previous years’ papers of GATE, ESE& CSE may be very useful.

    • To maintain continuity and keeping up the self motivation, form groups of 3-4 friends and make schedule of group study once in a week to discuss complex questions and doubts.

    B. Singh (Ex IES)
    (CMD, MADE EASY Group)

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